Alex HuntHistory 201
Thesis/ IntroductionDecember 8, 2014
" Early Byzantine buildings was developed as a extension of Both roman architecture, Stylistic drift, technological advancement, and political and territorial improvements meant that a distinct style gradually resulted in the Greek combination plan in church architecture” (Fletcher). The Byzantine Empire's architecture had been functional art works that diverse from the walls that fortified the city of Constantinople, to center in the city, the palace, for the center of faith, Hagia Sophia. Fletcher explained that the structure was a extension of Roman Architecture, but it was a lot more, it was a great advancement in the Roman's buildings in function, complexity, and beauty.
The Hagia Sophia is a perfect sort of how the Subtil Architecture was an improvement of function, complexity, and beauty. The Hagia Sophia assembled in 532 A. D. and finished in 537 A. D, it was an Far eastern Orthodox tall. The main reason for it was the dedication for the Wisdom of God, but the church a new wide variety of features. The church was a safe keep to a large collection of faith based artifacts that had been displayed to the constituents with the church, although also invisible from the public eye. The church experienced the perfect atmosphere to hold ceremonies while at the same time held refugees coming from persecution. The objective of the chapel changed too many times throughout it is lifetime. In 1204 it had been a Roman Catholic tall. Then in 1261 it had been an Asian Orthodox cathedral, but became a mosque for Muslim worship by 1453 to 1931.
In 1453, Constantinople was overcome by the Ottoman Turks, this kind of meant an end to Christian belief inside the walls from the church. The bells, church, and other faith based artifacts had been removed, whilst all the mosaics that depicted Jesus, Mother Mary, and also other symbolic statistics were desperate over.
" Renowned in particular because of its massive dome, it is considered as the epitome of Byzantine architecture”. (Fazio p. 67) The dome was something that nobody got seen before. It was a fancy structure that baffled various people during its completion and also baffled modern day engineers. The dome sits together with a rectangular foundation. " The pendentives put into action the change from the rounded base with the dome to the rectangular basic below, preventing lateral makes of the dome and allow the weight to stream downwards”. (Kleiner & Mamiya p. 331). According the Columbia Encyclopedia a pendentive is " a positive device allowing of a spherical dome on the square space or a great elliptical dome over a square room”. The pendentives were triangular in shape, that they held the weight from above but due to being triangular and had a curve the weight was absorbed and focused on 1 spot. The Hagia Sophia consisted of some pendentives. They were set to guidelines. They were by North East, North Western, South East and South west. " The first experimentation with pendentives were made in Roman dome construction beginning in the 2nd-3rd century A. D., when full advancement the form was achieved in the 6th 100 years on the Hagia Sophia”(Heinle & Schlaich l. 30-32).
With the high difficulty of the design and style flaws were bound to happen. The speed at which the church was completed and the complexity of the design resulted in a fragile walled house of worship. The original dome collapsed totally after a substantial earthquake in 558. Isidore the younger, nephew of Isidore or Milentus, designed the modern dome. The dome right now contained " ribs” or perhaps buttresses to help even out the immense consider the dome created for the walls. Even after many altercations to the wall surfaces and dome to help keep this upright, house still ended up being deformed fit of the unique plan. Once erecting them the building contractors did not allow the brick and mortar dry out properly ahead of they started the nesting layer. During reconstruction, in regards to place the dome, the masterpiece of the cathedral, the walls...