Essay about Why Is Xenia Such an Crucial Theme inside the Odyssey?

How come Xenia this kind of important motif in the Odyssey? Explain the views and support them with details in the poem. (45 marks)

The idea of guest food was extremely important in old Greece. Evidence that Xenia was integral to Greek society can be obtained from the fact that Zeus, the king from the Gods, was also described as the God of Xenia. Xenia created an obligation for the host to become hospitable with their guests, and conversely, everyone had their particular responsibilities also. If possibly the sponsor or the customer was to break a Xenia rule, there would be severe charges dealt by simply Zeus and in addition by world. Some basic Xenia rules had been that the guest could not offend the number, make needs, or decline xenia. In addition , the sponsor could not slander the guests, fail to guard the visitor, or fail to be as hospitable as is feasible. It was likewise customary for gifts to be given to the guest, or for a present exchange to be conducted between guest-friends. The host-guest relationship was incredibly complicated and placed the same burden upon both. This custom of xenia as well held a burden of trust, where the two guest and host would have to rely on custom in regards to personal safety. This kind of trust was reinforced by simply both anxiety about word getting out that the host had offered improper xenia, and fear of retribution by the gods, seeing that one by no means knew when a traveller might actually be a our god in disguise (for case, in book 1 when Athene hide herself as Mentes and receives food from Telemachus), come to try the level of your xenia. All travellers looked as sent by Zeus and beneath his safety, so giving proper xenia was the way of exhibiting respect for the gods, especially Zeus in the form of Xenios. Xenia gives a meaningful ground inside the Odyssey. Ancient greek language religion did not have stringent moral restrictions like modern Catholicism etc, and the Gods possessed an amount of mankind and humbleness (for example, they had faults, such as Achilles heel). Xenia imposed meaning regulations in ancient...